NEONODE INC., 10-K filed on 10 Mar 21
v3.20.4
Document And Entity Information - USD ($)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Mar. 03, 2021
Jun. 30, 2020
Document Information Line Items      
Entity Registrant Name Neonode Inc.    
Document Type 10-K    
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31    
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding   11,504,665  
Entity Public Float     $ 50,772,810
Amendment Flag false    
Entity Central Index Key 0000087050    
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes    
Entity Voluntary Filers No    
Entity Filer Category Non-accelerated Filer    
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer No    
Document Period End Date Dec. 31, 2020    
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2020    
Document Fiscal Period Focus FY    
Entity Small Business true    
Entity Emerging Growth Company false    
Entity Shell Company false    
Entity File Number 1-35526    
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code DE    
Entity Interactive Data Current Yes    
v3.20.4
Consolidated Balance Sheets - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
Dec. 31, 2020
Dec. 31, 2019
Current assets:    
Cash $ 10,473 $ 2,357
Accounts receivable and unbilled revenues, net 1,743 1,324
Projects in process 8
Inventory 1,273 1,030
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 1,161 715
Total current assets 14,650 5,434
Investment in joint venture 3
Property and equipment, net 1,003 1,583
Operating lease right-of-use assets 919 416
Total assets 16,572 7,436
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable 1,084 555
Accrued payroll and employee benefits 1,170 960
Accrued expenses 545 541
Deferred revenues 138 67
Current portion of finance lease obligations 769 568
Current portion of operating lease obligations 504 332
Total current liabilities 4,210 3,023
Finance lease obligations, net of current portion 95 508
Operating lease obligations, net of current portion 377 58
Total liabilities 4,682 3,589
Stockholders’ equity:    
Common stock, 25,000,000 shares authorized, with par value of $0.001; 11,504,665 and 9,171,154 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively 12 9
Additional paid-in capital 211,663 197,543
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (404) (639)
Accumulated deficit (196,158) (190,520)
Total Neonode Inc. stockholders’ equity 15,113 6,393
Noncontrolling interests (3,223) (2,546)
Total stockholders’ equity 11,890 3,847
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 16,572 $ 7,436
v3.20.4
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Parentheticals) - $ / shares
Dec. 31, 2020
Dec. 31, 2019
Statement of Financial Position [Abstract]    
Common stock, shares authorized 25,000,000 25,000,000
Common stock, par value (in Dollars per share) $ 0.001 $ 0.001
Common stock, shares issued 11,504,665 9,171,154
Common stock, shares outstanding 11,504,665 9,171,154
v3.20.4
Consolidated Statements of Operations - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Dec. 31, 2019
Income Statement [Abstract]    
HMI Solutions $ 4,985 $ 6,047
HMI Products 999 599
Total revenues 5,984 6,646
HMI Solutions 254 5
HMI Products 824 678
Total cost of revenues 1,078 683
Total gross margin 4,906 5,963
Research and development 4,139 5,239
Sales and marketing 2,534 2,158
General and administrative 4,424 4,296
Total operating expenses 11,097 11,693
Operating loss (6,191) (5,730)
Interest expense (27) (34)
Other expense (5)
Total other expense (32) (34)
Loss before provision for income taxes (6,223) (5,764)
Provision for income taxes 59 38
Net loss including noncontrolling interests (6,282) (5,802)
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests 677 504
Net loss attributable to Neonode Inc. (5,605) (5,298)
Preferred dividends (33)
Net loss attributable to common shareholders of Neonode Inc. $ (5,638) $ (5,298)
Basic and diluted loss per share (in Dollars per share) $ (0.56) $ (0.60)
Basic and diluted – weighted average number of common shares outstanding (in Shares) 9,989 8,844
v3.20.4
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Dec. 31, 2019
Statement of Comprehensive Income [Abstract]    
Net loss including noncontrolling interests $ (6,282) $ (5,802)
Other comprehensive income (loss):    
Foreign currency translation adjustments 235 (183)
Comprehensive loss (6,047) (5,985)
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests 677 504
Comprehensive loss attributable to Neonode Inc. $ (5,370) $ (5,481)
v3.20.4
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity - USD ($)
shares in Thousands, $ in Thousands
Preferred Stock
Common Stock
Additional Paid-in Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Accumulated Deficit
Total Neonode Inc. Stockholders' Equity
Noncontrolling Interests
Total
Balances at Dec. 31, 2018 $ 9 $ 197,507 $ (456) $ (185,222) $ 11,838 $ (2,042) $ 9,796
Balances (in Shares) at Dec. 31, 2018 82 8,800            
Common stock issued upon exercise of common stock warrants 36 36 36
Common stock issued upon exercise of common stock warrants (in Shares) 360            
Conversion of Series B Preferred Stock to common stock
Conversion of Series B Preferred Stock to common stock (in Shares) (82) 11            
Foreign currency translation adjustment (183) (183) (183)
Net loss (5,298) (5,298) (504) (5,802)
Balances at Dec. 31, 2019 $ 9 197,543 (639) (190,520) 6,393 (2,546) 3,847
Balances (in Shares) at Dec. 31, 2019 9,171            
Issuance of shares for cash, net of offering costs $ 3,932 $ 1 9,597 13,530 13,530
Issuance of shares for cash, net of offering costs (in Shares) 3,932 1,612            
Series C-2 Preferred Stock issued for repayment of short-term borrowings and accrued interest $ 517 (1) 516 516
Series C-2 Preferred Stock issued for repayment of short-term borrowings and accrued interest (in Shares) 517            
Conversion of Series C-1 and C-2. Preferred Stock to common stock $ (4,449) $ 1 4,448
Conversion of Series C-1 and C-2. Preferred Stock to common stock (in Shares) (4,449) 684            
Preferred dividends (33) (33) (33)
Stock-based compensation $ 1 76 77 77
Stock-based compensation (in Shares) 37            
Foreign currency translation adjustment 235 235 235
Net loss (5,605) (5,605) (677) (6,282)
Balances at Dec. 31, 2020 $ 12 $ 211,663 $ (404) $ (196,158) $ 15,113 $ (3,223) $ 11,890
Balances (in Shares) at Dec. 31, 2020 11,504            
v3.20.4
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - USD ($)
$ in Thousands
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Dec. 31, 2019
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net loss (including noncontrolling interests) $ (6,282) $ (5,802)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:    
Stock-based compensation expense 77
Bad debt expense 105
Write-off of prepaids 414
Depreciation and amortization 767 855
Amortization of operating lease right-of-use assets 405 404
Loss on disposal of property and equipment 5
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:    
Accounts receivable and unbilled revenue, net (394) 397
Projects in process 8 (8)
Inventory (91) 124
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (375) (19)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 444 454
Deferred revenues 64 (429)
Operating lease obligations (380) (12)
Net cash used in operating activities (5,752) (3,517)
Cash flows from investing activities:    
Purchase of property and equipment (60) (89)
Sale of investment in joint venture 2
Net cash used in investing activities (58) (89)
Cash flow from financing activities:    
Proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants, net of offering costs 36
Proceeds from issuance of preferred and common stock, net of offering costs 13,530
Preferred dividends (33)
Proceeds from short-term borrowings 966
Proceeds from short-term tax credits 542
Payments on short-term borrowings (516)
Payments on short-term tax credits (557)
Principal payments on finance lease obligations (321) (535)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities 13,611 (499)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash 315 (93)
Net change in cash 8,116 (4,198)
Cash at beginning of year 2,357 6,555
Cash at end of year 10,473 2,357
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:    
Cash paid for interest 27 34
Cash paid for income taxes 59 38
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:    
Short-term borrowings and accrued interest settled for Series C-2 Preferred Stock 516
Right-of-use asset obtained in exchange for lease obligations $ 864
v3.20.4
Nature of the Business and Operations
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Nature of the Business and Operations
1. Nature of the Business and Operations

Background and Organization


Neonode Inc. (“we”, “us”, “our”, or the “Company”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware in 1997 as the parent of Neonode AB, a company founded in February 2004 and incorporated in Sweden. We have the following wholly owned subsidiaries: Neonode Technologies AB (Sweden) (established in 2008 to develop and license touchscreen technology); Neonode Japan Inc. (Japan) (established in 2013); Neonode Korea Ltd. (South Korea) (established in 2014); and Neonode Taiwan Ltd. (Taiwan) (established in 2015). In 2015, we established Pronode Technologies AB, a majority-owned subsidiary of Neonode Technologies AB. In 2016, we entered into a joint venture, named Neoeye AB, between SMART EYE AB and our subsidiary Neonode Technologies AB (sold November 4, 2020).


Operations


Neonode Inc., collectively with its subsidiaries is referred to as “Neonode”, develops optical touch and gesture control solutions for human interaction with devices (“HMI”) and remote sensing solutions for driver monitoring and cabin monitoring features in automotive and other applications.


Neonode’s main business model is to license the technology to Original Equipment Manufacturers (“OEMs”) and Tier 1 system suppliers who embed the technology into systems and products they develop, manufacture and sell.


In addition, Neonode designs and manufactures sensor modules that incorporate our zForce AIR technology and sells the embedded sensors to OEMs, Original Design Manufacturers (“ODMs”) and Tier 1 suppliers for use in their systems and products. Neonode began shipping sensor modules in October 2017.


Neonode also manufactures and sells through distributors, a Neonode branded AirBar product that incorporates one of the sensor modules.


Liquidity


We incurred net losses of approximately $5.6 million and $5.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and had an accumulated deficit of approximately $196.2 million as of December 31, 2020. In addition, we used cash in operating activities of approximately $5.8 million and $3.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


On June 17, 2020, we entered into short-term loan facilities (the “Loan Agreements”) with two entities beneficially owned respectively by each of Ulf Rosberg and Peter Lindell, Directors of Neonode. Pursuant to the Loan Agreements, each Director made 16,145,000 SEK (Swedish Krona), which is approximately $1.7 million in U.S. dollars, principal amount available to the Company. The Company made an initial drawdown of an aggregate of approximately $1.0 million under the Loan Agreements. See Note 6 to our consolidated financial statements for additional details on the Loan Agreements.


On August 7, 2020, we closed a private placement (the “August 2020 Private Placement”) with certain institutional and accredited investors. We issued a total of 1,611,845 shares of common stock at a price of $6.50 per share, and a total of 365 shares of Series C-1 Preferred Stock and 3,050 shares of Series C-2 Preferred Stock, each with a conversion price of $6.50 per share and a stated value of $1,000 per share, for approximately $13.9 million in gross proceeds. The net proceeds from the private placement are being used for working capital purposes.


Ulf Rosberg and Peter Lindell, directors of Neonode, and Urban Forssell, our Chief Executive Officer, purchased an aggregate of $3.05 million of the Series C-2 Preferred Stock in the August 2020 Private Placement.


We issued 517 shares of Series C-2 Preferred Stock to UMR Invest AB, an entity beneficially owned by Ulf Rosberg, in satisfaction of the outstanding indebtedness and accrued interest under the Loan Agreement with UMR Invest AB. Cidro Förvaltning AB, an entity associated with Mr. Lindell purchased 517 shares of Series C-2 Preferred Stock. Following the closing, we used the proceeds from the sale of Series C-2 Preferred Stock to Cidro Förvaltning AB to satisfy the outstanding indebtedness and accrued interest under the Loan Agreement with Cidro Holding AB. As a result of the repayments to each of UMR Invest AB and Cidro Holding AB, the Loan Agreements terminated in accordance with their terms. 


Pursuant to the terms and the provisions of the Securities Purchase Agreement, all 365 shares of Series C-1 Preferred Stock and 4,084 shares of Series C-2 Preferred Stock (together, the “Series C Preferred Shares”) were converted into 684,378 shares of Neonode common stock on September 24 and 29, 2020, respectively.


Prior to their conversion, the holders of the Series C Preferred Shares were entitled to receive dividends at the rate per share of 5% per annum, totaling $33,000. As of December 31, 2020, all of the preferred dividends have been paid.


We entered into a Registration Rights Agreement (the “Registration Rights Agreement”) with the investors in the August 2020 Private Placement, pursuant to which we filed a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) relating to the offer and sale by the holders of the shares of common stock sold in the private placement, and the shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the Series C Preferred Shares. The registration statement was declared effective by the SEC on September 18, 2020. Failure to maintain the effectiveness of the registration statement will subject us to payment for liquidated damages.


In connection with the August 2020 Private Placement, we incurred total offering costs of $879,000, which were netted with the gross proceeds. 


The consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates continuity of operations and the realization of assets and the repayment of liabilities in the ordinary course of business. Management evaluated the significance of the Company’s operating loss and determined that the Company’s cash position after the Private Placement, current operating plan and sources of potential capital would be sufficient to alleviate concerns about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.


We expect our revenues from our three business areas will enable us to reduce our operating losses in coming years. In addition, we intend to continue to implement various measures to improve our operational efficiencies. No assurances can be given that management will be successful in meeting its revenue targets and reducing its operating loss.


In the future, we may require sources of capital in addition to cash on hand to continue operations and to implement our strategy. If our operations do not become cash flow positive, we may be forced to seek equity investments or debt arrangements. No assurances can be given that we will be successful in obtaining such additional financing on reasonable terms, or at all. If adequate funds are not available on acceptable terms, or at all, we may be unable to adequately fund our business plans and it could have a negative effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, if funds are available, the issuance of equity securities or securities convertible into equity could dilute the value of shares of our common stock and cause the market price to fall, and the issuance of debt securities could impose restrictive covenants that could impair our ability to engage in certain business transactions.


v3.20.4
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting policies
2. Summary of Significant Accounting policies

Principles of Consolidation


The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and include the accounts of Neonode Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries, as well as Pronode Technologies AB, a 51% majority owned subsidiary of Neonode Technologies AB. The remaining 49% of Pronode Technologies AB is owned by Propoint AB, located in Gothenburg, Sweden. Pronode Technologies AB was organized to sell engineering services within the automotive markets. All inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


Neonode consolidates entities in which it has a controlling financial interest. We consolidate subsidiaries in which we hold, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of the voting rights.


The consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2020 and 2019 and the consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 include our accounts and those of our wholly owned subsidiaries as well as Pronode Technologies AB.


Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires making estimates and judgments that affect, at the date of the financial statements, the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses. Actual results could differ from these estimates and judgments.


Significant estimates and judgments include, but are not limited to: for revenue recognition, determining the nature and timing of satisfaction of performance obligations, the standalone selling price of performance obligations, and transaction prices and assessing transfer of control; measuring variable consideration and other obligations such as product returns and refunds, and product warranties; provisions for uncollectible receivables; determining the net realizable value of inventory; recoverability of capitalized project costs and long-lived assets; for leases, determining whether a contract contains a lease, allocating consideration between lease and non-lease components, determining incremental borrowing rates, and identifying reassessment events, such as modifications; the valuation allowance related to our deferred tax assets; and the fair value of options issued for stock-based compensation. 


Cash and Cash Equivalents


We have not had any liquid investments other than normal cash deposits with bank institutions to date. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months of less to be cash equivalents.


Concentration of Cash Balance Risks


Cash balances are maintained at various banks in the U.S., Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Sweden. For deposits held with financial institutions in the U.S., the U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provides basic deposit coverage with limits up to $250,000 per owner. The Swedish government provides insurance coverage up to 100,000 Euro per customer and covers deposits in all types of accounts. The Japanese government provides insurance coverage up to 10,000,000 Yen per customer. The Korea Deposit Insurance Corporation provides insurance coverage up to 50,000,000 Won per customer. The Central Deposit Insurance Corporation in Taiwan provides insurance coverage up to 3,000,000 Taiwan Dollar per customer. At times, deposits held with financial institutions may exceed the amount of insurance provided.


Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts  


Accounts receivable is stated at net realizable value. Our policy is to maintain allowances for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. Credit limits are established through a process of reviewing the financial history and stability of each customer. Should all efforts fail to recover the related receivable, we will write off the account. We also record an allowance for all customers based on certain other factors including the length of time the receivables are past due and historical collection experience with customers. Our allowance for doubtful accounts was approximately $79,000 and $85,000 as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


Projects in Process


Projects in process consist of costs incurred toward the completion of various projects for certain customers. These costs are primarily comprised of direct engineering labor costs and project-specific equipment costs. These costs are capitalized on our consolidated balance sheet as an asset and deferred until revenue for each project is recognized in accordance with our revenue recognition policy. There were no costs capitalized in projects in process as of December 31, 2020. Costs capitalized in projects in process were $8,000 as of December 31, 2019.


Inventory


Inventory is stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value, using the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) valuation method. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Any adjustments to reduce the cost of inventories to their net realizable value are recognized in earnings in the current period.


Due to the low sell-through of our AirBar products, management has decided to fully reserve work-in-process for AirBar components, as well as AirBar related raw materials. Management has further decided to reserve for a portion of AirBar finished goods, depending on type of AirBar and in which location it is stored. The AirBar inventory reserve was $0.9 million and $0.8 million as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


In order to protect our manufacturing partners from losses in relation to AirBar production, we agreed to secure the value of the inventory with a bank guarantee. Since the sale of AirBars has been lower than expected, a major part of the inventory at the partner remained unused when the due date of the bank guarantee neared and Neonode therefore agreed that the partner should keep inventory for the production of 20,000 AirBars and the rest be purchased by us. The inventory value of these purchases has been fully reserved.


As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s inventory consists primarily of components that will be used in the manufacturing of our sensor modules. We segregate inventory for reporting purposes by raw materials, work-in-process, and finished goods.


Raw materials, work-in-process, and finished goods are as follows (in thousands):


   December 31,   December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Raw materials  $550   $396 
Work-in-process   21    186 
Finished goods   702    448 
Ending inventory  $1,273   $1,030 

Investment in Joint Venture


We invested $3,000, for a 50% interest in Neoeye AB which was sold in November 2020. We accounted for our investment using the equity method of accounting since the investment provided us the ability to exercise significant influence, but not control, over the investee. We were not required to guarantee any obligations of the Joint Venture and there have been no operations of Neoeye during 2020.


Property and Equipment


Property and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method based upon estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:


   Estimated useful lives
    
Computer equipment  3 years
Furniture and fixtures  5 years
Equipment  7 years

Equipment purchased under a finance lease is depreciated over the term of the lease, if that lease term is shorter than the estimated useful life.


Upon retirement or sale of property and equipment, cost and accumulated depreciation and amortization are removed from the accounts and any gains or losses are reflected in the consolidated statement of operations. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred.


Right-of-Use Assets


A right-of-use asset represents a lessee’s right to use a leased asset for the term of the lease. Our right-of-use assets generally consist of operating leases for buildings.


Right-of-use assets are measured initially at the present value of the lease payments, plus any lease payments made before a lease began and any initial direct costs, such as commissions paid to obtain a lease.


Right-of-use assets are subsequently measured at the present value of the remaining lease payments, adjusted for incentives, prepaid or accrued rent, and any initial direct costs not yet expensed.


Long-Lived Assets


We assess any impairment by estimating the future cash flow from the associated asset in accordance with relevant accounting guidance. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flow related to these assets decreases or the useful life is shorter than originally estimated, we may incur charges for impairment of these assets. As of December 31, 2020, we believe there was no impairment of our long-lived assets. There can be no assurance, however, that market conditions will not change or sufficient demand for our products and services will continue, which could result in impairment of long-lived assets in the future.


Foreign Currency Translation and Transaction Gains and Losses


The functional currency of our foreign subsidiaries is the applicable local currency, the Swedish Krona, the Japanese Yen, the South Korean Won and the Taiwan Dollar. The translation from Swedish Krona, Japanese Yen, South Korean Won or the Taiwan Dollar to U.S. Dollars is performed for balance sheet accounts using current exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date and for income statement accounts using a weighted average exchange rate during the period. Gains or (losses) resulting from translation are included as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Gains (losses) resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and were $(252,000) and $105,000 during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Foreign currency translation gains or (losses) were $235,000 and $(183,000) during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


Concentration of Credit and Business Risks


Our customers are located in the United States, Europe and Asia.


As of December 31, 2020, four customers represented approximately 62% of our consolidated accounts receivable and unbilled revenues.


As of December 31, 2019, three customers represented approximately 72% of our consolidated accounts receivable and unbilled revenues.


Customers who accounted for 10% or more of our net revenues during the year ended December 31, 2020 are as follows.


  Hewlett-Packard Company – 27%
     
  Epson – 19%
     
  Alpine – 11%

Customers who accounted for 10% or more of our net revenues during the year ended December 31, 2019 are as follows.


  Hewlett-Packard Company – 38%
     
  Epson – 16%
     
  Alpine – 15%

The Company conducts business in the United States, Europe and Asia. At December 31, 2020, the Company maintained approximately $6,923,000, $4,903,000 and $64,000 of its net assets in the United States, Europe and Asia, respectively. At December 31, 2019, the Company maintained approximately $2,637,000, $1,148,000 and $62,000 of its net assets in the United States, Europe and Asia, respectively.


Revenue Recognition


We recognize revenue when control of products is transferred to our customers, and when services are completed and accepted by our customers; the amount of revenue we recognize reflects the consideration we expect to receive for those products or services. Our contracts with customers may include combinations of products and services, for example, a contract that includes products and related engineering services. We structure our contracts such that distinct performance obligations, such as product sales or license fees, and related engineering services, are clearly defined in each contract.


License fees for products and sales of AirBar and sensor modules are on a per-unit basis; therefore, we generally satisfy performance obligations as units are shipped to our customers. Non-recurring engineering service performance obligations are satisfied as work is performed and accepted by our customers.


We recognize revenue net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to governmental authorities. We treat all product shipping and handling charges (regardless of when they occur) as activities to fulfill the promise to transfer goods, therefore we treat all shipping and handling charges as expenses.


Licensing Revenues:


We earn revenue from licensing our internally developed intellectual property (“IP”). We enter into IP licensing agreements that generally provide licensees the right to incorporate our IP components in their products, with terms and conditions that vary by licensee. Fees under these agreements may include license fees relating to our IP, and royalties payable to us following the distribution by our licensees of products incorporating the licensed technology. The license for our IP has standalone value and can be used by the licensee without maintenance and support.


For technology license arrangements that do not require significant modification or customization of the underlying technology, we recognize technology license revenue when the license is made available to the customer and the customer has a right to use that license. At the end of each reporting period, we record unbilled license fees, using prior royalty revenue data by customer to make estimates of those royalties.


Explicit return rights are not offered to customers. There have been no returns through December 31, 2020.


Engineering Services:


For technology license or sensor module contracts that require modification or customization of the underlying technology to adapt that technology to customer use, we determine whether the technology license or sensor module, and engineering consulting services represent separate performance obligations. We perform our analysis on a contract-by-contract basis. If there are separate performance obligations, we determine the standalone selling price (“SSP”) of each separate performance obligation to properly recognize revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied. We provide engineering consulting services to our customers under a signed Statement of Work (“SOW”). Deliverables and payment terms are specified in each SOW. We generally charge an hourly rate for engineering services, and we recognize revenue as engineering services specified in contracts are completed and accepted by our customers. Any upfront payments we receive for future non-recurring engineering services are recorded as unearned revenue until that revenue is earned.


We believe that recognizing non-recurring engineering services revenues as progress towards completion of engineering services and customer acceptance of those services occurs best reflects the economics of those transactions, because engineering services as tracked in our systems correspond directly with the value to our customers of our performance completed to date. Hours performed for each engineering project are tracked and reflect progress made on each project and are charged at a consistent hourly rate.


Revenues from engineering services contracts that are short-term in nature are recorded when those services are complete and accepted by customers.


Revenues from engineering services contracts with substantive defined deliverables for which payment terms in the SOW are commensurate with the efforts required to produce such deliverables are recognized as they are completed and accepted by customers.


Estimated losses on all SOW projects are recognized in full as soon as they become evident. During the year ended December 31, 2020 we recorded $47,000 of losses and during the year ended December 31, 2019, there were no losses related to SOW projects recorded.


Optical Sensor Modules Revenues:


We earn revenue from sales of sensor modules hardware products to our OEM and Tier 1 supplier customers, who embed our hardware into their products, and from sales of branded consumer products that incorporate our sensor modules sold through distributors or directly to end users. These distributors are generally given business terms that allow them to return unsold inventory, receive credits for changes in selling prices, and participate in various cooperative marketing programs. Our sales agreements generally provide customers with limited rights of return and warranty provisions.


The timing of revenue recognition related to AirBar modules depends upon how each sale is transacted - either point-of-sale or through distributors. We recognize revenue for AirBar modules sold point-of-sale when we provide the promised product to the customer.


Because we generally use distributors to provide AirBar and sensor modules to our customers, however, we analyze the terms of distributor agreements to determine when control passes from us to our distributors. For sales of AirBar and sensor modules sold through distributors, revenues are recognized when our distributors obtain control over our products. Control passes to our distributors when we have a present right to payment for products sold to distributors, the distributors have legal title to and physical possession of products purchased from us, and the distributors have significant risks and rewards of ownership of products purchased.


Distributors participate in various cooperative marketing and other incentive programs, and we maintain estimated accruals and allowances for these programs. If actual credits received by distributors under these programs were to deviate significantly from our estimates, which are based on historical experience, our revenue could be adversely affected.


Under U.S. GAAP, companies may make reasonable aggregations and approximations of returns data to accurately estimate returns. Our AirBar and Module returns and warranty experience to date has enabled us to make reasonable returns estimates, which are supported by the fact that our product sales involve homogenous transactions. The reserve for future sales returns is recorded as a reduction of our accounts receivable and revenue and was $78,000 as of December 31, 2020 and was insignificant as of December 31, 2019. If the actual future returns were to deviate from the historical data on which the reserve had been established, our revenue could be adversely affected.


The following table presents disaggregated revenues by market for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 (dollars in thousands):


   Year ended
December 31, 2020
   Year ended
December 31, 2019
 
   Amount   Percentage   Amount   Percentage 
Net license revenues from automotive  $1,110    18%  $1,839    28%
Net license revenues from consumer electronics   3,508    59%   4,127    62%
Net revenues from sensor modules   950    16%   560    8%
Net revenues from non-recurring engineering   410    7%   120    2%
Other revenue   6    -%   -    -%
   $5,984    100%  $6,646    100%

Significant Judgments


Our contracts with customers may include promises to transfer multiple products and services to a customer, particularly when one of our customers contracts with us for a product and related engineering services fees for customizing that product for our customer. Determining whether products and services are considered distinct performance obligations that should be accounted for separately may require significant judgment. Judgment may also be required to determine the SSP for each distinct performance obligation identified, although we generally structure our contracts such that performance obligations and pricing for each performance obligation are specifically addressed. We currently have no outstanding contracts with multiple performance obligations; however, we recently negotiated a contract that may include multiple performance obligations in the future.


Judgment is also required to determine when control of products passes from us to our distributors, as well as the amounts of product that may be returned to us. Our products are sold with a right of return, and we may provide other credits or incentives to our customers, which could result in variability when determining the amount of revenue to recognize. At the end of each reporting period, we use product returns history and additional information that becomes available to estimate returns and credits. We do not recognize revenue if it is probable that a significant reversal of any incremental revenue would occur.


Finally, judgment is required to determine the amount of unbilled license fees at the end of each reporting period.


Contract Balances


Timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of invoicing to customers. We record a receivable when we have an unconditional right to receive future payments from customers, and we record unearned deferred revenue when we receive prepayments or upfront payments for goods or services from our customers.


The following table presents accounts receivable, unbilled revenues and deferred revenues as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands):


   December 31,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Accounts receivable and unbilled revenues  $1,743   $1,324 
Deferred revenues   138    67 

The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in billed accounts receivable, unbilled revenues (contract assets), and customer advances and deposits or deferred revenue (contract liabilities) on the consolidated balance sheets. Generally, billing occurs subsequent to revenue recognition, resulting in contract assets; contract assets are generally classified as current. The Company sometimes receives advances or deposits from its customers before revenue is recognized, which are reported as contract liabilities and are generally classified as current. These assets and liabilities are reported on the consolidated balance sheet on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period.


We do not anticipate impairment of our contract asset related to license fee revenues, given the creditworthiness of our customers whose invoices comprise the balance in that asset account. We will continue to monitor the timeliness of receipts from those customers, however, to assess whether the contract asset has been impaired.


The allowance for doubtful accounts reflects our best estimate of probable losses inherent in the accounts receivable balance. We determine the allowance based on known troubled accounts, historical experience, and other currently available evidence.


Payment terms and conditions vary by the type of contract; however, payments generally occur 30-60 days after invoicing for license fees and sensor modules to our resellers and distributors. Where revenue recognition timing differs from invoice timing, we have determined that our contracts do not include a significant financing component. Our intent is to provide our customers with consistent invoicing terms for the convenience of our customers, not to receive financing from our customers.


Costs to Obtain Contracts


We record the incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer as an asset, if we expect the benefit of those costs to cover a period greater than one year. We currently have no incremental costs that must be capitalized.


We expense as incurred costs of obtaining a contract when the amortization period of those costs would have been less than or equal to one year.


Product Warranty


The following table summarizes the activity related to the product warranty liability (in thousands):


   Years ended 
   December 31,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Balance at beginning of period  $24   $17 
Provisions for warranty issued   1    7 
Balance at end of period  $25   $24 

The Company accrues for warranty costs as part of its cost of sales of sensor modules based on estimated costs. The Company’s products are generally covered by a warranty for a period of 12 to 36 months from the customer receipt of the product.


Deferred Revenues


Deferred revenues consist primarily of prepayments for license fees, and other products or services for which we have been paid in advance, and earn the revenue when we transfer control of the product or service. Deferred revenues may also include upfront payments for consulting services to be performed in the future, such as non-recurring engineering services.


We defer license fees until we have met all accounting requirements for revenue recognition, which is when a license is made available to a customer and that customer has a right to use the license. Engineering development fee revenues are deferred until engineering services have been completed and accepted by our customers.


The following table presents our deferred revenues by source (in thousands):


   As of
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
Deferred license revenues  $28   $28 
Deferred NRE revenues   22    20 
Deferred AirBar revenues   10    6 
Deferred sensor modules revenues   78    13 
   $138   $67 

Contracted revenue not yet recognized was $138,000 as of December 31, 2020; we expect to recognize 100% of that revenue over the next twelve months. The Company recognized revenues of approximately $39,000 and $75,000, for 2020 and 2019, respectively, related to contract liabilities outstanding at the beginning of the year.


Advertising


Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. We will classify any reseller marketing allowances related to AirBar in general as sales expense unless we can define an identifiable benefit to us from the reseller marketing allowance. Advertising costs amounted to approximately $70,000 and $82,000 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


Research and Development


Research and development (“R&D”) costs are expensed as incurred. R&D costs consist mainly of personnel-related costs in addition to some external consultancy costs such as testing, certifying and measurements.


Stock-Based Compensation Expense


We measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments, including share options, based on the estimated fair value of the award on the grant date, and recognize the value as compensation expense over the period the employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period.


We account for equity instruments issued to non-employees at their estimated fair value.


When determining stock-based compensation expense involving options and warrants, we determine the estimated fair value of options and warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.


Noncontrolling Interests


We recognize any noncontrolling interest, also known as a minority interest, as a separate line item in equity in the consolidated financial statements. A noncontrolling interest represents the portion of equity ownership in a less-than-wholly owned subsidiary not attributable to us. Generally, any interest that holds less than 50% of the outstanding voting shares is deemed to be a noncontrolling interest; however, there are other factors, such as decision-making rights, that are considered as well. We include the amount of net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests in consolidated net income (loss) on the face of the consolidated statements of operations.


The Company provides either in the consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity, if presented, or in the notes to consolidated financial statements, a reconciliation at the beginning and the end of the period of the carrying amount of total equity (net assets), equity (net assets) attributable to the parent, and equity (net assets) attributable to the noncontrolling interest that separately discloses:


  (1) Net income or loss;
     
  (2) Transactions with owners acting in their capacity as owners, showing separately contributions from and distributions to owners; and
     
  (3) Each component of other comprehensive income or loss.

Income Taxes


We recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of items that have been included in the consolidated financial statements or tax returns. We estimate income taxes based on rates in effect in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon differences between the financial statement and income tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The realization of deferred tax assets is based on historical tax positions and expectations about future taxable income. Valuation allowances are recorded against net deferred tax assets when, in our opinion, realization is uncertain based on the “more likely than not” criteria of the accounting guidance.


Based on the uncertainty of future pre-tax income, we fully reserved our net deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019. In the event we were to determine that we would be able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset would increase income in the period such determination was made. The provision for income taxes represents the net change in deferred tax amounts, plus income taxes payable for the current period.


We follow U.S. GAAP related to uncertain tax positions, which provisions include a two-step approach to recognizing, de-recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions. As a result, we did not recognize a liability for unrecognized tax benefits. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, we had no unrecognized tax benefits.


Net Loss per Share


Net loss per share amounts have been computed based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. Net loss per share, assuming dilution amounts from common stock equivalents, is computed based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and potential common stock equivalents outstanding during the period. The weighted-average number of shares of common stock and potential common stock equivalents used in computing the net loss per share for years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 exclude the potential common stock equivalents, as the effect would be anti-dilutive (see Note 15).


Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)


Our comprehensive income (loss) includes foreign currency translation gains and losses. The cumulative amount of translation gains and losses are reflected as a separate component of stockholders’ equity in the consolidated balance sheets, as accumulated other comprehensive loss.


Cash Flow Information


Cash flows in foreign currencies have been converted to U.S. Dollars at an approximate weighted-average exchange rate for the respective reporting periods. The weighted-average exchange rate for the consolidated statements of operations was as follows:


   Years ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Swedish Krona   9.21    9.46 
Japanese Yen   106.73    109.01 
South Korean Won   1,179.20    1,165.70 
Taiwan Dollar   29.45    30.90 

Exchange rate for the consolidated balance sheets was as follows:


   As of
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
Swedish Krona   8.22    9.34 
Japanese Yen   103.23    108.66 
South Korean Won   1,088.59    1,154.56 
Taiwan Dollar   28.09    30.00 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments


We disclose the estimated fair values for all financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate fair value. Financial instruments including cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses and are deemed to approximate fair value due to their short maturities.


New Accounting Pronouncements


In September 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326)-Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, (“ASU 2016-13”), supplemented by subsequent accounting standards updates. The new standard requires entities to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. ASU 2016-13, as amended, is scheduled to become effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, with early adoption permitted. In the future, we will evaluate the impact that ASU 2016-13, as amended, will have on our consolidated financial statements, specifically regarding our trade receivables; however, we do not expect any significant impact from implementation of the new standard.


In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Tax, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 will become effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact ASU 2019-12 will have on our consolidated financial statements.


Reclass of Presentation in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations


Since January 1, 2020, we have allocated revenue to our new business areas, HMI Solutions, HMI Products and Remote Sensing Solutions rather than by our revenue streams, license fees, sensor module sale and non-recurring engineering fees. The presentation in our consolidated statements of operations has therefore been changed accordingly. Revenues from HMI Solutions include license fees and non-recurring engineering fees while HMI Products include sensor module sale and non-recurring engineering fees. We believe that future revenues from Remote Sensing Solutions will include license fees and non-recurring engineering fees.


v3.20.4
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets [Abstract]  
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
3. Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets

Prepaid expense and other current assets consist of the following (in thousands):


   As of December 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
Prepaid insurance  $255   $223 
Prepaid rent   11    4 
VAT receivable   433    211 
Advances   216    - 
Advances to suppliers   43    51 
Other   203    226 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets  $1,161   $715 

v3.20.4
Property and Equipment
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Property, Plant and Equipment [Abstract]  
Property and Equipment
4. Property and Equipment

Property and equipment, net consist of the following (in thousands):


   As of December 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
Computers, software, furniture and fixtures  $1,591   $1,406 
Equipment under finance leases   3,806    3,348 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization   (4,394)   (3,171)
Property and equipment, net  $1,003   $1,583 

Depreciation and amortization expense was $0.8 million and $0.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


v3.20.4
Accrued Expenses
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Payables and Accruals [Abstract]  
Accrued Expenses
5. Accrued Expenses

Accrued expenses consist of the following (in thousands):


   As of December 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
Accrued returns and warranty  $25   $24 
Accrued consulting fees and other   520    517 
Total accrued expenses  $545   $541 

v3.20.4
Short-Term Borrowings
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Debt Disclosure [Abstract]  
Short-Term Borrowings
6.Short-Term Borrowings

During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company was granted a credit from the Swedish Tax Authority covering social charges and staff withholding taxes relating to January through March 2020 payroll, as part of Swedish governmental COVID-19 support. The total amount was $563,000 and the credit was for 12 months but could be repaid earlier if desired. There was a 1.25% annual non-deductible interest and a credit fee of 0.2% from the seventh month of the granted credit. The tax credit was repaid in August 2020 along with interest of $2,000.


On June 17, 2020, the Company entered into the Loan Agreements with two entities beneficially owned respectively by each of Ulf Rosberg and Peter Lindell, directors of Neonode (each, a “Director”). Pursuant to the Loan Agreements, each entity beneficially owned by the Director made approximately $1.7 million in U.S. dollars principal amount available to the Company. The Company made an initial drawdown of an aggregate of approximately $1.0 million under the Loan Agreements.


Each of the Loan Agreements provided for a credit fee of 0.75% per annum, calculated on a daily basis from the date of the Loan Agreement, and any outstanding amount incurred interest at a fixed rate of 3.25% per annum, calculated on a daily basis from the drawdown date. Drawdowns under the Loan Agreements became unavailable upon the earlier to occur of the execution of a capital raise by Neonode or December 31, 2020. Upon completion of a capital raise before December 31, 2020, any outstanding amount under the Loan Agreements, including any credit fee and interest, became payable as soon as practicably possible after such capital raise. If a capital raise was not completed by December 31, 2020, or if the funds from the capital raise were insufficient to repay the full outstanding amount under the Loan Agreements, then the outstanding amount under the Loan Agreements, including any credit fee and interest, would have become due and payable on February 28, 2021.


On August 7, 2020, we issued 517 shares of Series C-2 Preferred Stock to UMR Invest AB, an entity beneficially owned by Ulf Rosberg, in satisfaction of the outstanding indebtedness and accrued interest under the Loan Agreement with UMR Invest AB. Cidro Förvaltning AB, an entity associated with Mr. Lindell purchased 517 shares of Series C-2 Preferred Stock. Following the closing, we used the proceeds from the sale of Series C-2 Preferred Stock to Cidro Förvaltning AB to satisfy the outstanding indebtedness and accrued interest under the Loan Agreement with Cidro Holding AB. As a result of the repayments to each of UMR Invest AB and Cidro Holding AB, the Loan Agreements terminated in accordance with their terms.


v3.20.4
Fair Value Measurements
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurements
7. Fair Value Measurements

Accounting guidance defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosure requirements about fair value measurements. The accounting guidance does not mandate any new fair value measurements and is applicable to assets and liabilities that are required to be recorded at fair value under other accounting pronouncements.


The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described as follows:


Level 1: Applies to assets or liabilities for which there are observable quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities. We had no Level 1 assets or liabilities.


Level 2: Applies to assets or liabilities for which there are inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1. We had no Level 2 assets or liabilities.


Level 3: Applies to assets or liabilities for which inputs are unobservable, and those inputs that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities. We had no Level 3 assets or liabilities. 


There were no assets or liabilities recorded at fair value on a recurring basis in 2020 and 2019.


v3.20.4
Stockholders' Equity
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Stockholders' Equity Note [Abstract]  
Stockholders' Equity
8. Stockholders’ Equity

Common Stock


At the Annual Meeting of our Company held on September 29, 2020, stockholders approved a proposal to increase the number of authorized shares of our common stock to 25,000,000 shares. Accordingly, on November 5, 2020, we filed an amendment to the Neonode Inc. Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended (our “Certificate of Incorporation”), with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to increase the number of authorized shares of our common stock to 25,000,000 shares.


On December 29, 2020, we issued 37,288 shares of our common stock to key employees pursuant to our 2020 long-term incentive program (“2020 LTIP”) – see Note 9.


Warrants and Other Common Stock Activity


During the year ended December 31, 2020, 325,000 warrants expired and no warrants were exercised. During the year ended December 31, 2019, warrants to purchase 360,000 shares of common stock were exercised for proceeds of $36,000.


A summary of all warrant activity is set forth below:


Outstanding and exercisable  Warrants   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
 
January 1, 2019   1,116,368   $10.18    2.68 
Exercised   (360,000)   0.10    - 
December 31, 2019   756,368   $14.98    1.47 
Issued   -    -    - 
Expired/forfeited   (325,000)   20.00    - 
Exercised   -    -    - 

December 31, 2020

   431,368   $11.20    1.13 

Outstanding Warrants to Purchase Common Stock as of December 31, 2020:


Description  Issue Date  Exercise
Price
   Shares   Expiration
Date
               
August 2016 Purchase Warrants  08/17/16  $11.20    431,368   02/17/22

Preferred Stock


During the year ended December 31, 2019, the only shares of our preferred stock issued and outstanding were Series B Preferred Stock. Effective July 1, 2019, all outstanding shares of our Series B Preferred Stock were converted into shares of our common stock.


On August 6, 2020, in connection with the closing of the Private Placement, the Company designated (i) 365 shares of its authorized and unissued preferred stock as Series C-1 Preferred Stock by filing a Series C-1 Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware and (ii) 4,084 shares of its authorized and unissued preferred stock as Series C-2 Preferred Stock by filing a Series C-2 Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware.


On September 24 and 29, 2020, respectively, the Series C-1 Preferred Stock and Series C-2 Preferred Stock (together, the “Series C Preferred Shares”) were converted into 684,378 shares of Neonode common stock.


The holders of the Series C-1 and C-2 Preferred Shares were entitled to receive dividends at the rate per share of 5% per annum, totaling $33,000. As of December 31, 2020, all of the preferred dividends had been paid.


On December 7, 2020, we filed Certificates of Elimination with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to eliminate the Series A Preferred Stock, Series B Preferred Stock, Series C-1 Preferred Stock and Series C-2 Preferred Stock.


No shares of preferred stock were issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020.


Details of the preferred stock activities are set forth below:


   Series B
Preferred
Stock
Shares
Issued
   Series B
Preferred
Stock
Amount
   Series C-1
Preferred
Stock
Shares
Issued
   Series C-1
Preferred
Stock
Amount
   Series C-2
Preferred
Stock
Shares
Issued
   Series C-2
Preferred
Stock
Amount
 
                         
Balances, December 31, 2018   82   $    -    -   $-    -   $- 
                               
Conversion of Series B Preferred Stock to common stock   (82)   -    -    -    -    - 
                               
Balances, December 31, 2019   -    -    -    -    -    - 
                               
Issuance of Preferred Shares for cash   -    -    365    365    3,567    3,567 
                               
Series C-2 Preferred Stock issued for repayment of short-term borrowings and accrued interest   -    -    -    -    517    517 
                               
Conversion of Preferred Shares to common stock   -    -    (365)   (365)   (4,084)   (4,084)
                               
Balances, December 31, 2020   -   $-    -   $-    -   $- 

v3.20.4
Stock-Based Compensation
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]  
Stock-Based Compensation
9. Stock-Based Compensation

We have adopted equity incentive plans for which stock options and restricted stock awards are available to grant to employees, consultants and directors. Except for certain options granted to certain Swedish employees, all employee, consultant and director stock options granted under our stock option plans have an exercise price equal to the market value of the underlying common stock on the grant date. There are no vesting provisions tied to performance conditions for any options, as vesting for all outstanding option grants was based only on continued service as an employee, consultant or director. All of our outstanding stock options and restricted stock awards are classified as equity instruments.


Stock Options / Stock Awards


During the year ended December 31, 2020, our stockholders approved the Neonode Inc. 2020 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”) which replaced our 2015 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2015 Plan”), which in turn replaced our Neonode Inc. 2006 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2006 Plan”). Although no new awards may be made under the 2015 or 2006 Plans, they are still operative for previously granted awards. Under the 2020 Plan, 750,000 shares of common stock have been reserved for awards, including nonqualified stock option grants and restricted stock grants to officers, employees, non-employee directors and consultants. The terms of the awards granted under the 2020 Plan are set by our compensation committee at its discretion.


Accordingly, as of December 31, 2020, we had three equity incentive plans:


  The 2006 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2006 Plan”).  
     
  The 2015 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2015 Plan”).
     
  The 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”).

In 2020 we established the Neonode Inc. 2020 Long Term Incentive Plan (the “2020 LTIP”) to provide eligible persons with the opportunity to acquire an equity interest, or otherwise increase their equity interest, in the Company as an incentive for them to remain in the service of the Company. Through the 2020 LTIP, eligible employees of Neonode may waive between 50% to 67% of future unearned bonuses that may be awarded to them under the Company’s annual bonus arrangement in exchange for the grant of shares of the Company’s common stock.


On December 29, 2020, we issued 37,288 shares of common stock to key employees pursuant to the 2020 LTIP. The shares were immediately vested but subject to a two-year lock-up period after issuance. In the event the participant’s employment with Neonode is terminated by the participant during the two-year lock-up period, the Company will repurchase the shares at a price equal to 30% of the lower of market value at issuance and termination date. The shares issued on December 29, 2020 represent two-thirds of the total shares available for issuance under the 2020 LTIP and the last one-third is planned to be issued at the end of December 2021. Neonode has reported and paid Swedish social charges of $75,000 for the issued shares but only 30% of the stock-based compensation (totaling $77,000) is included in the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2020, with the remainder to be recognized ratably over the two-year lock-up period.


The following table summarizes information with respect to all options to purchase shares of common stock outstanding under the 2006 Plan, the 2015 Plan and the 2020 Plan at December 31, 2020:


Options Outstanding
Range of Exercise Price  Number
Outstanding
and
exercisable
at 12/31/20
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
(years)
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
             
$ 0 -  $ 15.00   2,500    0.62   $14.40 
$ 15.01 -   $ 30.40   7,000    0.78   $30.40 
$ 30.40 -   $ 62.10   1,000    0.00   $62.10 
    10,500    1.40   $29.61 

A summary of the combined activity under all of the stock option plans is set forth below:


   Options Outstanding 
           Weighted-     
           Average     
       Weighted-   Remaining     
       Average   Contractual   Aggregate 
   Number of   Exercise   Life   Intrinsic 
   Shares   Price   (in years)   Value 
Options outstanding – January 1, 2019   99,800   $34.55    1.41   $           - 
Options granted   -    -         - 
Options exercised   -    -         - 
Options cancelled or expired   (47,300)   42.35         - 
Options outstanding – December 31, 2019   52,500   $27.51    1.37    - 
Options granted   -    -         - 
Options exercised   -    -         - 
Options cancelled or expired   (42,000)   26.99         - 
Options outstanding and vested – December 31, 2020   10,500   $29.61    1.40   $- 

No stock options were granted during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


During the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we recorded no stock-based compensation expense related to the vesting of stock options. The estimated fair value of the stock options was calculated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model as of the grant date of the stock option.


Stock options granted under the 2006 and 2015 Plans are exercisable over a maximum term of ten years from the date of grant, vest in various installments over a one to four-year period and have exercise prices reflecting the market value of the shares of common stock on the date of grant.


Stock-Based Compensation


The stock-based compensation expense for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 reflects the estimated fair value of the vested portion of common stock granted to directors and employees (in thousands):


   Years ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
(In thousands)        
Sales and marketing  $32   $- 
General and administrative   45    - 
Stock-based compensation expense  $77   $- 

There is no remaining unrecognized compensation expense related to stock options as of December 31, 2020. Unrecognized compensation expense related to the 2020 LTIP as of December 31, 2020 was $177,000, which will be recognized over two years.


v3.20.4
Commitments and Contingencies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  
Commitments and Contingencies
10. Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation


On August 26, 2020, a putative stockholder of Neonode filed a purported class action lawsuit (C.A. No. 2020-0701-AGB) in the Delaware Court of Chancery (the “Court”) against Neonode and the Board of Directors of Neonode for alleged breach of fiduciary duty in connection with disclosure of information concerning Proposal 5 and Proposal 6 in the proxy statement filed with the SEC by Neonode on August 20, 2020 for the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders of Neonode (the “Proxy Statement”). These proposals for shareholder approval related to the Private Placement by Neonode on August 5, 2020 in which two directors and the chief executive officer of Neonode participated. The relief sought by the plaintiff included a preliminary injunction to enjoin the stockholder votes on Proposal 5 and Proposal 6. On September 13, 2020, the plaintiff amended his complaint to also enjoin the stockholder vote on Proposal 1 in the Proxy Statement concerning election of directors. Neonode and the other named defendants believe that the disclosures set forth in the Proxy Statement complied fully with all applicable law, that no supplemental disclosure was required, and that the plaintiffs’ allegations are without merit. However, in an effort to avoid the nuisance and ongoing expense relating to the claims in the lawsuit, Neonode filed definitive additional materials to the Proxy Statement on September 18, 2020. The plaintiff withdrew his motion to preliminarily enjoin the stockholder votes on Proposals 1, 5, and 6 based upon the definitive additional materials to the Proxy Statement. On November 23, 2020, the Court entered an order to dismiss the lawsuit.


On September 2, 2020, a separate putative stockholder of Neonode filed a purported class action lawsuit (Case No. 1:20-cv-01174-UNA) in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware against Neonode, the Board of Directors of Neonode, and the Chief Executive Officer of Neonode for alleged violation of Sections 14(a) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, in connection with disclosure of information concerning Proposal 5 and Proposal 6 in the Proxy Statement, and generally containing the same substantive allegations as in the above previously-filed Delaware Court of Chancery action. On October 20, 2020, the plaintiff claimed to voluntarily dismiss the lawsuit in the United States District Court. However, on February 5, 2021, the plaintiff made contact again regarding mootness discussions, which are still ongoing.


Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2020 include costs in relation to the above-referenced lawsuits.


Indemnities and Guarantees


Our bylaws require that we indemnify each of our executive officers and directors for certain events or occurrences arising as a result of the officer or director serving in such capacity. The term of the indemnification period is for the officer’s or director’s lifetime. The maximum potential amount of future payments we could be required to make under these indemnification agreements is unlimited. However, we have a directors’ and officers’ liability insurance policy that should enable us to recover a portion of future amounts paid. As a result of our insurance policy coverage, we believe the estimated fair value of these indemnification agreements is minimal and we have no liabilities recorded for these agreements as of December 31, 2020 and 2019.


We enter into indemnification provisions under our agreements with other companies in the ordinary course of business, typically with business partners, contractors, customers and landlords. Under these provisions we generally indemnify and hold harmless the indemnified party for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party as a result of our activities or, in some cases, as a result of the indemnified party’s activities under the agreement. These indemnification provisions often include indemnifications relating to representations made by us with regard to intellectual property rights. These indemnification provisions generally survive termination of the underlying agreement. The maximum potential amount of future payments we could be required to make under these indemnification provisions is unlimited. We have not incurred material costs to defend lawsuits or settle claims related to these indemnification agreements. As a result, we believe the estimated fair value of these agreements is minimal. Accordingly, we have no liabilities recorded for these indemnification provisions as of December 31, 2020 and 2019.


One of our manufacturing partners has previously purchased material for the final assembly of AirBars. To protect the manufacturer from losses in relation to AirBar production, we agreed to secure the value of the inventory in a bank guarantee. At December 31, 2020, the guaranteed amount is $100,000 and represents the value of the remaining material in inventory at December 31, 2020.


Management’s judgment is that the bank guarantee is a contingent guarantee and management will record a liability when it is probable we will have to purchase the inventory. As of March 10, 2021, management’s judgment is that we will sell the remaining AirBars during 2021 and thereby purchase the components and the assembly service from the manufacturing partner throughout the year. No liability has therefore been recorded as of December 31, 2020.


Patent Assignment


On May 6, 2019, the Company assigned a portfolio of patents to Aequitas Technologies LLC. The assignment provides the Company the right to share potential proceeds generated from a licensing and monetization program.


On June 8, 2020, Neonode Smartphone LLC, a subsidiary of Aequitas Technologies LLC filed complaints against Apple and Samsung in the Western District of Texas for infringing two patents. These litigation matters are still ongoing.


Non-Recurring Engineering Development Costs


On April 25, 2013, we entered into an Analog Device Development Agreement with an effective date of December 6, 2012 (the “NN1002 Agreement”) with Texas Instruments (“TI”) pursuant to which TI agreed to integrate our intellectual property into an ASIC. Under the terms of the NN1002 Agreement, we agreed to pay TI $500,000 of non-recurring engineering costs at the rate of $0.25 per ASIC for each of the first 2 million ASICs sold. As of December 31, 2020, we had made no payments to TI under the NN1002 Agreement.


v3.20.4
Leases
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Leases [Abstract]  
Leases
11. Leases

We have operating leases for our corporate offices and our manufacturing facility, and finance leases for equipment. Our leases have remaining lease terms of six months to two years. One of our primary operating leases includes options to extend the lease for one to three years and the other primary lease includes an option to annually prolong; those operating leases also include options to terminate the leases within one year. Future renewal options that are not likely to be executed as of the balance sheet date are excluded from right-of-use assets and related lease liabilities.


Our operating leases represent building leases for our Stockholm corporate offices and our Kungsbacka manufacturing facility. Our Stockholm corporate office lease has a remaining lease term of two years and both of our leases are automatically renewed at a cost increase of 2% on an annual basis, unless we provide written notice nine months prior to the respective expiration dates.


We report operating lease right-of-use assets, as well as current and noncurrent operating lease obligations on our consolidated balance sheets for the right to use those buildings in our business. Our finance leases represent manufacturing equipment; we report the manufacturing equipment, as well as current and noncurrent finance lease obligations on our consolidated balance sheets for our manufacturing equipment.


Generally, interest rates are stated in our leases for equipment. When no interest rate is stated in a lease, however, we review the interest rates implicit in our recent finance leases to estimate our incremental borrowing rate. We determine the rate implicit in a lease by using the most recent finance lease rate, or other method we think most closely represents our incremental borrowing rate.


The components of lease expense were as follows (in thousands):


   Years ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Operating lease cost (1)  $572   $588 
           
Finance lease cost:          
Amortization of leased assets  $636   $623 
Interest on lease liabilities   11    34 
Total finance lease cost  $647   $657 

(1)Includes short term lease costs of $145,000 and $122,000 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases was as follows (in thousands):


   Years ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Cash paid for amounts included in leases:        
Operating cash flows from operating leases  $(405)  $(404)
Operating cash flows from finance leases   (11)   (34)
Financing cash flows from finance leases   (321)   (535)
           
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:          
Operating leases   864    - 

Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows (in thousands):


   As of December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Operating leases        
Operating lease right-of-use assets  $919   $416 
           
Current portion of operating lease obligations  $504   $332 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion   377    58 
Total operating lease liabilities  $881   $390 
           
Finance leases          
Property and equipment, at cost  $3,806   $3,348 
Accumulated depreciation   (2,941)   (1,956)
Property and equipment, net  $865   $1,392 
           
Current portion of finance lease obligations  $769   $568 
Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion   95    508 
Total finance lease liabilities  $864   $1,076 

   Year ended
December 31,
2020
 
Weighted-Average Remaining Lease Term    
Operating leases   1.6 years 
Finance leases   0.8 years 
      
Weighted-Average Discount Rate     
Operating leases (2)   5%
Finance leases   2%

  (2) Upon adoption of the new lease standard, discount rates used for existing leases were established at January 1, 2019.

A summary of future minimum payments under non-cancellable operating lease commitments as of December 31, 2021 is as follows (in thousands):


Years ending December 31,  Total 
2021  $536 
2022   386 
    922 
Less imputed interest   (41)
Total lease liabilities   881 
Less current portion   (504)
   $377 

The following is a schedule of minimum future rentals on the non-cancelable finance leases as of December 31, 2020 (in thousands):


Year ending December 31,  Total 
2021  $780 
2022   87 
2023   9 
Total minimum payments required:   876 
Less amount representing interest:   (12)
Present value of net minimum lease payments:   864 
Less current portion   (769)
   $95 

v3.20.4
Segment Information
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Segment Reporting [Abstract]  
Segment Information
12. Segment Information

Our Company has one reportable segment, which is comprised of the touch technology licensing and sensor module business.


We report revenues from external customers based on the country where the customer is located. The following table presents revenues by geographic region for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 (dollars in thousands):


   2020 
   Amount   Percentage 
United States  $2,511    42%
Japan   1,864    31%
South Korea   499    8%
China   400    7%
Germany   398    7%
Swizerland   221    4%
Other   91    1%
Total  $5,984    100%

   2019 
   Amount   Percentage 
United States  $3,158    48%
Japan   2,134    32%
Germany   617    9%
China   374    6%
Taiwan   105    2%
South Korea   152    2%
Other   106    1%
Total  $6,646    100%

v3.20.4
Income Taxes
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
13. Income Taxes

Loss before provision for income taxes was distributed geographically for the years ended December 31, as follows (in thousands):


   2020   2019 
Domestic  $(4,885)  $(4,200)
Foreign   (1,338)   (1,564)
           
Total  $(6,223)  $(5,764)

The provision (benefit) for income taxes is as follows for the years ended December 31 (in thousands):


   2020   2019 
Current        
Federal  $-   $- 
State   2   2 
Foreign   57    36 
Change in deferred          
Federal   (948)   (447)
Federal valuation allowance   948    447 
State   (1)   20 
State valuation allowance   1    (20)
Foreign   (1,425)   (453)
Foreign valuation allowance   1,425    453 
           
Total current  $59   $38 

The differences between our effective income tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory federal income tax rate for the years ended December 31, are as follows:


   2020   2019 
Amounts at statutory tax rates   21%   21%
Foreign losses taxed at different rates   -%   (2)%
Stock-based compensation   (2)%   (8)%
Other   -%   (1)%
Total   19%   10%
Valuation allowance   (20)%   (11)%
Effective tax rate   (1)%   (1)%

Significant components of the deferred tax asset balances at December 31 are as follows (in thousands):


   2020   2019 
Deferred tax assets:        
Accruals  $48   $48 
Stock compensation   38    159 
Net operating losses   18,788    16,293 
Total deferred tax assets   18,874    16,500 
Valuation allowance   (18,874)   (16,500)
           
Total net deferred tax assets  $-   $- 

Valuation allowances are recorded to offset certain deferred tax assets due to management’s uncertainty of realizing the benefits of these items. Management applies a full valuation allowance for the accumulated losses of Neonode Inc. and its subsidiaries, since it is not determinable using the “more likely than not” criteria that there will be any future benefit of our deferred tax assets. This is mainly due to our history of operating losses. As of December 31, 2020, we had federal, state and foreign net operating losses of $68.9 million, $20.0 million and $14.2 million, respectively. The federal loss carryforward begins to expire in 2028, and the California loss carryforward begins to expire in 2030. Federal net operating losses generated for tax years ending after December 31, 2017 do not expire. The foreign loss carryforward, which is generated in Sweden, does not expire.


Utilization of the net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards is subject to an annual limitation due to the ownership percentage change limitations provided by Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code and similar state provisions. The annual limitation may result in the expiration of the net operating losses and tax credit carryforwards before utilization.  As of December 31, 2020, we had not completed the determination of the amount to be limited under the provision.


We follow the provisions of accounting guidance which includes a two-step approach to recognizing, derecognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions. There were no unrecognized tax benefits for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.


We follow the policy to classify accrued interest and penalties as part of the accrued tax liability in the provision for income taxes. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 we did not recognize any interest or penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits.


As of December 31, 2020, we had no uncertain tax positions that would be reduced as a result of a lapse of the applicable statute of limitations.


We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, California, Sweden, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. The 2009 through 2019 tax years are open and may be subject to potential examination in one or more jurisdictions. We are not currently under any federal, state or foreign income tax examinations.


v3.20.4
Employee Benefit Plans
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Employee Benefit Plans [Member]  
Employee Benefit Plans
14. Employee Benefit Plans

We participate in a number of individual defined contribution pension plans for our employees in Sweden. We contribute between 4.5% and 30% of the employee’s annual salary to these pension plans depending on age and salary level. Contributions relating to these defined contribution plans for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were $459,000 and $395,000, respectively. We match U.S. employee contributions to a 401(K) retirement plan up to a maximum of six percent (6%) of an employee’s annual salary. Contributions relating to the matching 401(K) contributions for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were $6,000 and $6,000, respectively. In Taiwan, we contribute six percent (6%) of the employee’s annual salary to a pension fund which agrees with Taiwan’s Labor Pension Act. Contributions relating to the Taiwanese pension fund for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 were $4,000 and $3,000, respectively.


v3.20.4
Net Loss Per Share
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Earnings Per Share [Abstract]  
Net Loss Per Share
15. Net Loss Per Share

Basic net loss per common share for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was computed by dividing the net loss attributable to common shareholders of Neonode Inc. for the relevant period by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the year. Diluted loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common shareholders of Neonode Inc. for the relevant period by the weighted average number of shares of common stock and common stock equivalents outstanding during the year.


Potential common stock equivalents of approximately 0 and 0 outstanding stock warrants, 0 and 0 shares issuable upon conversion of preferred stock and 0 and 0 stock options are excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, due to their anti-dilutive effect.


(In thousands, except per share amounts)  Years ended
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
BASIC AND DILUTED        
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding   9,989    8,844 
           

Net loss attributable to common shareholders of Neonode Inc.

  $(5,638)  $(5,298)
           
Net loss per share basic and diluted  $(0.56)  $(0.60)

v3.20.4
Accounting Policies, by Policy (Policies)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Principles of Consolidation

Principles of Consolidation


The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and include the accounts of Neonode Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries, as well as Pronode Technologies AB, a 51% majority owned subsidiary of Neonode Technologies AB. The remaining 49% of Pronode Technologies AB is owned by Propoint AB, located in Gothenburg, Sweden. Pronode Technologies AB was organized to sell engineering services within the automotive markets. All inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


Neonode consolidates entities in which it has a controlling financial interest. We consolidate subsidiaries in which we hold, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of the voting rights.


The consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2020 and 2019 and the consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 include our accounts and those of our wholly owned subsidiaries as well as Pronode Technologies AB.

Estimates

Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires making estimates and judgments that affect, at the date of the financial statements, the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses. Actual results could differ from these estimates and judgments.


Significant estimates and judgments include, but are not limited to: for revenue recognition, determining the nature and timing of satisfaction of performance obligations, the standalone selling price of performance obligations, and transaction prices and assessing transfer of control; measuring variable consideration and other obligations such as product returns and refunds, and product warranties; provisions for uncollectible receivables; determining the net realizable value of inventory; recoverability of capitalized project costs and long-lived assets; for leases, determining whether a contract contains a lease, allocating consideration between lease and non-lease components, determining incremental borrowing rates, and identifying reassessment events, such as modifications; the valuation allowance related to our deferred tax assets; and the fair value of options issued for stock-based compensation.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents


We have not had any liquid investments other than normal cash deposits with bank institutions to date. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months of less to be cash equivalents.

Concentration of Cash Balance Risks

Concentration of Cash Balance Risks


Cash balances are maintained at various banks in the U.S., Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Sweden. For deposits held with financial institutions in the U.S., the U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provides basic deposit coverage with limits up to $250,000 per owner. The Swedish government provides insurance coverage up to 100,000 Euro per customer and covers deposits in all types of accounts. The Japanese government provides insurance coverage up to 10,000,000 Yen per customer. The Korea Deposit Insurance Corporation provides insurance coverage up to 50,000,000 Won per customer. The Central Deposit Insurance Corporation in Taiwan provides insurance coverage up to 3,000,000 Taiwan Dollar per customer. At times, deposits held with financial institutions may exceed the amount of insurance provided.

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts  


Accounts receivable is stated at net realizable value. Our policy is to maintain allowances for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. Credit limits are established through a process of reviewing the financial history and stability of each customer. Should all efforts fail to recover the related receivable, we will write off the account. We also record an allowance for all customers based on certain other factors including the length of time the receivables are past due and historical collection experience with customers. Our allowance for doubtful accounts was approximately $79,000 and $85,000 as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Projects in Process

Projects in Process


Projects in process consist of costs incurred toward the completion of various projects for certain customers. These costs are primarily comprised of direct engineering labor costs and project-specific equipment costs. These costs are capitalized on our consolidated balance sheet as an asset and deferred until revenue for each project is recognized in accordance with our revenue recognition policy. There were no costs capitalized in projects in process as of December 31, 2020. Costs capitalized in projects in process were $8,000 as of December 31, 2019.

Inventory

Inventory


Inventory is stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value, using the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) valuation method. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Any adjustments to reduce the cost of inventories to their net realizable value are recognized in earnings in the current period.


Due to the low sell-through of our AirBar products, management has decided to fully reserve work-in-process for AirBar components, as well as AirBar related raw materials. Management has further decided to reserve for a portion of AirBar finished goods, depending on type of AirBar and in which location it is stored. The AirBar inventory reserve was $0.9 million and $0.8 million as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


In order to protect our manufacturing partners from losses in relation to AirBar production, we agreed to secure the value of the inventory with a bank guarantee. Since the sale of AirBars has been lower than expected, a major part of the inventory at the partner remained unused when the due date of the bank guarantee neared and Neonode therefore agreed that the partner should keep inventory for the production of 20,000 AirBars and the rest be purchased by us. The inventory value of these purchases has been fully reserved.


As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s inventory consists primarily of components that will be used in the manufacturing of our sensor modules. We segregate inventory for reporting purposes by raw materials, work-in-process, and finished goods.


Raw materials, work-in-process, and finished goods are as follows (in thousands):


   December 31,   December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Raw materials  $550   $396 
Work-in-process   21    186 
Finished goods   702    448 
Ending inventory  $1,273   $1,030 
Investment in Joint Venture

Investment in Joint Venture


We invested $3,000, for a 50% interest in Neoeye AB which was sold in November 2020. We accounted for our investment using the equity method of accounting since the investment provided us the ability to exercise significant influence, but not control, over the investee. We were not required to guarantee any obligations of the Joint Venture and there have been no operations of Neoeye during 2020.

Property and Equipment

Property and Equipment


Property and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method based upon estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:


   Estimated useful lives
    
Computer equipment  3 years
Furniture and fixtures  5 years
Equipment  7 years

Equipment purchased under a finance lease is depreciated over the term of the lease, if that lease term is shorter than the estimated useful life.


Upon retirement or sale of property and equipment, cost and accumulated depreciation and amortization are removed from the accounts and any gains or losses are reflected in the consolidated statement of operations. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred.

Right-of-Use Assets

Right-of-Use Assets


A right-of-use asset represents a lessee’s right to use a leased asset for the term of the lease. Our right-of-use assets generally consist of operating leases for buildings.


Right-of-use assets are measured initially at the present value of the lease payments, plus any lease payments made before a lease began and any initial direct costs, such as commissions paid to obtain a lease.


Right-of-use assets are subsequently measured at the present value of the remaining lease payments, adjusted for incentives, prepaid or accrued rent, and any initial direct costs not yet expensed.

Long-Lived Assets

Long-Lived Assets


We assess any impairment by estimating the future cash flow from the associated asset in accordance with relevant accounting guidance. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flow related to these assets decreases or the useful life is shorter than originally estimated, we may incur charges for impairment of these assets. As of December 31, 2020, we believe there was no impairment of our long-lived assets. There can be no assurance, however, that market conditions will not change or sufficient demand for our products and services will continue, which could result in impairment of long-lived assets in the future.

Foreign Currency Translation and Transaction Gains and Losses

Foreign Currency Translation and Transaction Gains and Losses


The functional currency of our foreign subsidiaries is the applicable local currency, the Swedish Krona, the Japanese Yen, the South Korean Won and the Taiwan Dollar. The translation from Swedish Krona, Japanese Yen, South Korean Won or the Taiwan Dollar to U.S. Dollars is performed for balance sheet accounts using current exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date and for income statement accounts using a weighted average exchange rate during the period. Gains or (losses) resulting from translation are included as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Gains (losses) resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and were $(252,000) and $105,000 during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Foreign currency translation gains or (losses) were $235,000 and $(183,000) during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Concentration of Credit and Business Risks

Concentration of Credit and Business Risks


Our customers are located in the United States, Europe and Asia.


As of December 31, 2020, four customers represented approximately 62% of our consolidated accounts receivable and unbilled revenues.


As of December 31, 2019, three customers represented approximately 72% of our consolidated accounts receivable and unbilled revenues.


Customers who accounted for 10% or more of our net revenues during the year ended December 31, 2020 are as follows.


  Hewlett-Packard Company – 27%
     
  Epson – 19%
     
  Alpine – 11%

Customers who accounted for 10% or more of our net revenues during the year ended December 31, 2019 are as follows.


  Hewlett-Packard Company – 38%
     
  Epson – 16%
     
  Alpine – 15%

The Company conducts business in the United States, Europe and Asia. At December 31, 2020, the Company maintained approximately $6,923,000, $4,903,000 and $64,000 of its net assets in the United States, Europe and Asia, respectively. At December 31, 2019, the Company maintained approximately $2,637,000, $1,148,000 and $62,000 of its net assets in the United States, Europe and Asia, respectively.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition


We recognize revenue when control of products is transferred to our customers, and when services are completed and accepted by our customers; the amount of revenue we recognize reflects the consideration we expect to receive for those products or services. Our contracts with customers may include combinations of products and services, for example, a contract that includes products and related engineering services. We structure our contracts such that distinct performance obligations, such as product sales or license fees, and related engineering services, are clearly defined in each contract.


License fees for products and sales of AirBar and sensor modules are on a per-unit basis; therefore, we generally satisfy performance obligations as units are shipped to our customers. Non-recurring engineering service performance obligations are satisfied as work is performed and accepted by our customers.


We recognize revenue net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to governmental authorities. We treat all product shipping and handling charges (regardless of when they occur) as activities to fulfill the promise to transfer goods, therefore we treat all shipping and handling charges as expenses.


Licensing Revenues:


We earn revenue from licensing our internally developed intellectual property (“IP”). We enter into IP licensing agreements that generally provide licensees the right to incorporate our IP components in their products, with terms and conditions that vary by licensee. Fees under these agreements may include license fees relating to our IP, and royalties payable to us following the distribution by our licensees of products incorporating the licensed technology. The license for our IP has standalone value and can be used by the licensee without maintenance and support.


For technology license arrangements that do not require significant modification or customization of the underlying technology, we recognize technology license revenue when the license is made available to the customer and the customer has a right to use that license. At the end of each reporting period, we record unbilled license fees, using prior royalty revenue data by customer to make estimates of those royalties.


Explicit return rights are not offered to customers. There have been no returns through December 31, 2020.


Engineering Services:


For technology license or sensor module contracts that require modification or customization of the underlying technology to adapt that technology to customer use, we determine whether the technology license or sensor module, and engineering consulting services represent separate performance obligations. We perform our analysis on a contract-by-contract basis. If there are separate performance obligations, we determine the standalone selling price (“SSP”) of each separate performance obligation to properly recognize revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied. We provide engineering consulting services to our customers under a signed Statement of Work (“SOW”). Deliverables and payment terms are specified in each SOW. We generally charge an hourly rate for engineering services, and we recognize revenue as engineering services specified in contracts are completed and accepted by our customers. Any upfront payments we receive for future non-recurring engineering services are recorded as unearned revenue until that revenue is earned.


We believe that recognizing non-recurring engineering services revenues as progress towards completion of engineering services and customer acceptance of those services occurs best reflects the economics of those transactions, because engineering services as tracked in our systems correspond directly with the value to our customers of our performance completed to date. Hours performed for each engineering project are tracked and reflect progress made on each project and are charged at a consistent hourly rate.


Revenues from engineering services contracts that are short-term in nature are recorded when those services are complete and accepted by customers.


Revenues from engineering services contracts with substantive defined deliverables for which payment terms in the SOW are commensurate with the efforts required to produce such deliverables are recognized as they are completed and accepted by customers.


Estimated losses on all SOW projects are recognized in full as soon as they become evident. During the year ended December 31, 2020 we recorded $47,000 of losses and during the year ended December 31, 2019, there were no losses related to SOW projects recorded.


Optical Sensor Modules Revenues:


We earn revenue from sales of sensor modules hardware products to our OEM and Tier 1 supplier customers, who embed our hardware into their products, and from sales of branded consumer products that incorporate our sensor modules sold through distributors or directly to end users. These distributors are generally given business terms that allow them to return unsold inventory, receive credits for changes in selling prices, and participate in various cooperative marketing programs. Our sales agreements generally provide customers with limited rights of return and warranty provisions.


The timing of revenue recognition related to AirBar modules depends upon how each sale is transacted - either point-of-sale or through distributors. We recognize revenue for AirBar modules sold point-of-sale when we provide the promised product to the customer.


Because we generally use distributors to provide AirBar and sensor modules to our customers, however, we analyze the terms of distributor agreements to determine when control passes from us to our distributors. For sales of AirBar and sensor modules sold through distributors, revenues are recognized when our distributors obtain control over our products. Control passes to our distributors when we have a present right to payment for products sold to distributors, the distributors have legal title to and physical possession of products purchased from us, and the distributors have significant risks and rewards of ownership of products purchased.


Distributors participate in various cooperative marketing and other incentive programs, and we maintain estimated accruals and allowances for these programs. If actual credits received by distributors under these programs were to deviate significantly from our estimates, which are based on historical experience, our revenue could be adversely affected.


Under U.S. GAAP, companies may make reasonable aggregations and approximations of returns data to accurately estimate returns. Our AirBar and Module returns and warranty experience to date has enabled us to make reasonable returns estimates, which are supported by the fact that our product sales involve homogenous transactions. The reserve for future sales returns is recorded as a reduction of our accounts receivable and revenue and was $78,000 as of December 31, 2020 and was insignificant as of December 31, 2019. If the actual future returns were to deviate from the historical data on which the reserve had been established, our revenue could be adversely affected.


The following table presents disaggregated revenues by market for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 (dollars in thousands):


   Year ended
December 31, 2020
   Year ended
December 31, 2019
 
   Amount   Percentage   Amount   Percentage 
Net license revenues from automotive  $1,110    18%  $1,839    28%
Net license revenues from consumer electronics   3,508    59%   4,127    62%
Net revenues from sensor modules   950    16%   560    8%
Net revenues from non-recurring engineering   410    7%   120    2%
Other revenue   6    -%   -    -%
   $5,984    100%  $6,646    100%
Significant Judgments

Significant Judgments


Our contracts with customers may include promises to transfer multiple products and services to a customer, particularly when one of our customers contracts with us for a product and related engineering services fees for customizing that product for our customer. Determining whether products and services are considered distinct performance obligations that should be accounted for separately may require significant judgment. Judgment may also be required to determine the SSP for each distinct performance obligation identified, although we generally structure our contracts such that performance obligations and pricing for each performance obligation are specifically addressed. We currently have no outstanding contracts with multiple performance obligations; however, we recently negotiated a contract that may include multiple performance obligations in the future.


Judgment is also required to determine when control of products passes from us to our distributors, as well as the amounts of product that may be returned to us. Our products are sold with a right of return, and we may provide other credits or incentives to our customers, which could result in variability when determining the amount of revenue to recognize. At the end of each reporting period, we use product returns history and additional information that becomes available to estimate returns and credits. We do not recognize revenue if it is probable that a significant reversal of any incremental revenue would occur.


Finally, judgment is required to determine the amount of unbilled license fees at the end of each reporting period.

Contract Balances

Contract Balances


Timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of invoicing to customers. We record a receivable when we have an unconditional right to receive future payments from customers, and we record unearned deferred revenue when we receive prepayments or upfront payments for goods or services from our customers.


The following table presents accounts receivable, unbilled revenues and deferred revenues as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands):


   December 31,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Accounts receivable and unbilled revenues  $1,743   $1,324 
Deferred revenues   138    67 

The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in billed accounts receivable, unbilled revenues (contract assets), and customer advances and deposits or deferred revenue (contract liabilities) on the consolidated balance sheets. Generally, billing occurs subsequent to revenue recognition, resulting in contract assets; contract assets are generally classified as current. The Company sometimes receives advances or deposits from its customers before revenue is recognized, which are reported as contract liabilities and are generally classified as current. These assets and liabilities are reported on the consolidated balance sheet on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period.


We do not anticipate impairment of our contract asset related to license fee revenues, given the creditworthiness of our customers whose invoices comprise the balance in that asset account. We will continue to monitor the timeliness of receipts from those customers, however, to assess whether the contract asset has been impaired.


The allowance for doubtful accounts reflects our best estimate of probable losses inherent in the accounts receivable balance. We determine the allowance based on known troubled accounts, historical experience, and other currently available evidence.


Payment terms and conditions vary by the type of contract; however, payments generally occur 30-60 days after invoicing for license fees and sensor modules to our resellers and distributors. Where revenue recognition timing differs from invoice timing, we have determined that our contracts do not include a significant financing component. Our intent is to provide our customers with consistent invoicing terms for the convenience of our customers, not to receive financing from our customers.

Costs to Obtain Contracts

Costs to Obtain Contracts


We record the incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer as an asset, if we expect the benefit of those costs to cover a period greater than one year. We currently have no incremental costs that must be capitalized.


We expense as incurred costs of obtaining a contract when the amortization period of those costs would have been less than or equal to one year.

Product Warranty

Product Warranty


The following table summarizes the activity related to the product warranty liability (in thousands):


   Years ended 
   December 31,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Balance at beginning of period  $24   $17 
Provisions for warranty issued   1    7 
Balance at end of period  $25   $24 

The Company accrues for warranty costs as part of its cost of sales of sensor modules based on estimated costs. The Company’s products are generally covered by a warranty for a period of 12 to 36 months from the customer receipt of the product.

Deferred Revenues

Deferred Revenues


Deferred revenues consist primarily of prepayments for license fees, and other products or services for which we have been paid in advance, and earn the revenue when we transfer control of the product or service. Deferred revenues may also include upfront payments for consulting services to be performed in the future, such as non-recurring engineering services.


We defer license fees until we have met all accounting requirements for revenue recognition, which is when a license is made available to a customer and that customer has a right to use the license. Engineering development fee revenues are deferred until engineering services have been completed and accepted by our customers.


The following table presents our deferred revenues by source (in thousands):


   As of
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
Deferred license revenues  $28   $28 
Deferred NRE revenues   22    20 
Deferred AirBar revenues   10    6 
Deferred sensor modules revenues   78    13 
   $138   $67 

Contracted revenue not yet recognized was $138,000 as of December 31, 2020; we expect to recognize 100% of that revenue over the next twelve months. The Company recognized revenues of approximately $39,000 and $75,000, for 2020 and 2019, respectively, related to contract liabilities outstanding at the beginning of the year.

Advertising

Advertising


Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. We will classify any reseller marketing allowances related to AirBar in general as sales expense unless we can define an identifiable benefit to us from the reseller marketing allowance. Advertising costs amounted to approximately $70,000 and $82,000 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Research and Development

Research and Development


Research and development (“R&D”) costs are expensed as incurred. R&D costs consist mainly of personnel-related costs in addition to some external consultancy costs such as testing, certifying and measurements.

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

Stock-Based Compensation Expense


We measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments, including share options, based on the estimated fair value of the award on the grant date, and recognize the value as compensation expense over the period the employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period.


We account for equity instruments issued to non-employees at their estimated fair value.


When determining stock-based compensation expense involving options and warrants, we determine the estimated fair value of options and warrants using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

Noncontrolling Interests

Noncontrolling Interests


We recognize any noncontrolling interest, also known as a minority interest, as a separate line item in equity in the consolidated financial statements. A noncontrolling interest represents the portion of equity ownership in a less-than-wholly owned subsidiary not attributable to us. Generally, any interest that holds less than 50% of the outstanding voting shares is deemed to be a noncontrolling interest; however, there are other factors, such as decision-making rights, that are considered as well. We include the amount of net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests in consolidated net income (loss) on the face of the consolidated statements of operations.


The Company provides either in the consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity, if presented, or in the notes to consolidated financial statements, a reconciliation at the beginning and the end of the period of the carrying amount of total equity (net assets), equity (net assets) attributable to the parent, and equity (net assets) attributable to the noncontrolling interest that separately discloses:


  (1) Net income or loss;
     
  (2) Transactions with owners acting in their capacity as owners, showing separately contributions from and distributions to owners; and
     
  (3) Each component of other comprehensive income or loss.
Income Taxes

Income Taxes


We recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets for the expected future tax consequences of items that have been included in the consolidated financial statements or tax returns. We estimate income taxes based on rates in effect in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon differences between the financial statement and income tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The realization of deferred tax assets is based on historical tax positions and expectations about future taxable income. Valuation allowances are recorded against net deferred tax assets when, in our opinion, realization is uncertain based on the “more likely than not” criteria of the accounting guidance.


Based on the uncertainty of future pre-tax income, we fully reserved our net deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019. In the event we were to determine that we would be able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset would increase income in the period such determination was made. The provision for income taxes represents the net change in deferred tax amounts, plus income taxes payable for the current period.


We follow U.S. GAAP related to uncertain tax positions, which provisions include a two-step approach to recognizing, de-recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions. As a result, we did not recognize a liability for unrecognized tax benefits. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, we had no unrecognized tax benefits.

Net Loss per Share

Net Loss per Share


Net loss per share amounts have been computed based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. Net loss per share, assuming dilution amounts from common stock equivalents, is computed based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock and potential common stock equivalents outstanding during the period. The weighted-average number of shares of common stock and potential common stock equivalents used in computing the net loss per share for years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 exclude the potential common stock equivalents, as the effect would be anti-dilutive (see Note 15).

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)


Our comprehensive income (loss) includes foreign currency translation gains and losses. The cumulative amount of translation gains and losses are reflected as a separate component of stockholders’ equity in the consolidated balance sheets, as accumulated other comprehensive loss.

Cash Flow Information

Cash Flow Information


Cash flows in foreign currencies have been converted to U.S. Dollars at an approximate weighted-average exchange rate for the respective reporting periods. The weighted-average exchange rate for the consolidated statements of operations was as follows:


   Years ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Swedish Krona   9.21    9.46 
Japanese Yen   106.73    109.01 
South Korean Won   1,179.20    1,165.70 
Taiwan Dollar   29.45    30.90 

Exchange rate for the consolidated balance sheets was as follows:


   As of
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
Swedish Krona   8.22    9.34 
Japanese Yen   103.23    108.66 
South Korean Won   1,088.59    1,154.56 
Taiwan Dollar   28.09    30.00 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair Value of Financial Instruments


We disclose the estimated fair values for all financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate fair value. Financial instruments including cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses and are deemed to approximate fair value due to their short maturities.

New Accounting Pronouncements

New Accounting Pronouncements


In September 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326)-Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, (“ASU 2016-13”), supplemented by subsequent accounting standards updates. The new standard requires entities to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. ASU 2016-13, as amended, is scheduled to become effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, with early adoption permitted. In the future, we will evaluate the impact that ASU 2016-13, as amended, will have on our consolidated financial statements, specifically regarding our trade receivables; however, we do not expect any significant impact from implementation of the new standard.


In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Tax, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 will become effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact ASU 2019-12 will have on our consolidated financial statements.

Reclass of Presentation in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

Reclass of Presentation in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations


Since January 1, 2020, we have allocated revenue to our new business areas, HMI Solutions, HMI Products and Remote Sensing Solutions rather than by our revenue streams, license fees, sensor module sale and non-recurring engineering fees. The presentation in our consolidated statements of operations has therefore been changed accordingly. Revenues from HMI Solutions include license fees and non-recurring engineering fees while HMI Products include sensor module sale and non-recurring engineering fees. We believe that future revenues from Remote Sensing Solutions will include license fees and non-recurring engineering fees.

v3.20.4
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Tables)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Schedule of inventory
   December 31,   December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Raw materials  $550   $396 
Work-in-process   21    186 
Finished goods   702    448 
Ending inventory  $1,273   $1,030 
Schedule of estimated useful lives of property and equipment
   Estimated useful lives
    
Computer equipment  3 years
Furniture and fixtures  5 years
Equipment  7 years
Schedule of disaggregated revenues
   Year ended
December 31, 2020
   Year ended
December 31, 2019
 
   Amount   Percentage   Amount   Percentage 
Net license revenues from automotive  $1,110    18%  $1,839    28%
Net license revenues from consumer electronics   3,508    59%   4,127    62%
Net revenues from sensor modules   950    16%   560    8%
Net revenues from non-recurring engineering   410    7%   120    2%
Other revenue   6    -%   -    -%
   $5,984    100%  $6,646    100%
Schedule of prepayments or upfront payments for goods or services from our customers
   December 31,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Accounts receivable and unbilled revenues  $1,743   $1,324 
Deferred revenues   138    67 
Schedule of activity related to the product warranty liability
   Years ended 
   December 31,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
Balance at beginning of period  $24   $17 
Provisions for warranty issued   1    7 
Balance at end of period  $25   $24 
Schedule of deferred revenues
   As of
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
Deferred license revenues  $28   $28 
Deferred NRE revenues   22    20 
Deferred AirBar revenues   10    6 
Deferred sensor modules revenues   78    13 
   $138   $67 
Schedule of weighted average exchange rate for the condensed consolidated statements of operations
   Years ended December 31, 
   2020   2019 
Swedish Krona   9.21    9.46 
Japanese Yen   106.73    109.01 
South Korean Won   1,179.20    1,165.70 
Taiwan Dollar   29.45    30.90 
Schedule of exchange rate for the consolidated balance sheets
   As of
December 31,
 
   2020   2019 
Swedish Krona   8.22    9.34 
Japanese Yen   103.23    108.66 
South Korean Won   1,088.59    1,154.56 
Taiwan Dollar   28.09    30.00 
v3.20.4
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets (Tables)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets [Abstract]  
Schedule of prepaid expense and other current assets
   As of December 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
Prepaid insurance  $255   $223 
Prepaid rent   11    4 
VAT receivable   433    211 
Advances   216    - 
Advances to suppliers   43    51 
Other   203    226 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets  $1,161   $715 
v3.20.4
Property and Equipment (Tables)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Property, Plant and Equipment [Abstract]  
Schedule of property and equipment
   As of December 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
Computers, software, furniture and fixtures  $1,591   $1,406 
Equipment under finance leases   3,806    3,348 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization   (4,394)   (3,171)
Property and equipment, net  $1,003   $1,583 
v3.20.4
Accrued Expenses (Tables)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Payables and Accruals [Abstract]  
Schedule of accrued expenses
   As of December 31, 
   2020   2019 
         
Accrued returns and warranty  $25   $24 
Accrued consulting fees and other   520    517 
Total accrued expenses  $545   $541 
v3.20.4
Stockholders' Equity (Tables)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Stockholders' Equity Note [Abstract]  
Schedule of Summary of all warrant activity
Outstanding and exercisable  Warrants   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
 
January 1, 2019   1,116,368   $10.18    2.68 
Exercised   (360,000)   0.10    - 
December 31, 2019   756,368   $14.98    1.47 
Issued   -    -    - 
Expired/forfeited   (325,000)   20.00    - 
Exercised   -    -    - 

December 31, 2020

   431,368   $11.20    1.13 
Schedule of Summary of all stock option plans / warrant activity
Description  Issue Date  Exercise
Price
   Shares   Expiration
Date
               
August 2016 Purchase Warrants  08/17/16  $11.20    431,368   02/17/22
Schedule of preferred stock activities
   Series B
Preferred
Stock
Shares
Issued
   Series B
Preferred
Stock
Amount
   Series C-1
Preferred
Stock
Shares
Issued
   Series C-1
Preferred
Stock
Amount
   Series C-2
Preferred
Stock
Shares
Issued
   Series C-2
Preferred
Stock
Amount
 
                         
Balances, December 31, 2018   82   $    -    -   $-    -   $- 
                               
Conversion of Series B Preferred Stock to common stock   (82)   -    -    -    -    - 
                               
Balances, December 31, 2019   -    -    -    -    -    - 
                               
Issuance of Preferred Shares for cash   -    -    365    365    3,567    3,567 
                               
Series C-2 Preferred Stock issued for repayment of short-term borrowings and accrued interest   -    -    -    -    517    517 
                               
Conversion of Preferred Shares to common stock   -    -    (365)   (365)   (4,084)   (4,084)
                               
Balances, December 31, 2020   -   $-    -   $-    -   $-